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VIDEO ART: the early years

1970s tapes

A CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS IN THE FIRST TWO DECADES OF BRITISH VIDEO ART

In the late 1960s video technology became available outside the broadcast industry and artists were among the first to use this unique new medium. The following chronology of early video art in the UK does not attempt to list all activity but is a selection of key screenings, exhibitions and related events from 1971 to the early 1990s.


1971

TV INTERRUPTIONS, SCOTTISH TELEVISION
Ten works by David Hall, commissioned by the Scottish Arts Council for the Edinburgh Festival, were transmitted by Scottish Television unannounced without credit over a ten day period (a selection was later distributed as 7 TV Pieces). These were the first artist interventions on British television and have come to be regarded as a formative moment in British video art.

ONE, ANGELA FLOWERS GALLERY, LONDON
Exhibit by Ian Breakwell and Mike Leggett. Images of labourers shovelling earth in a circle relayed live to a video monitor in the gallery window often confused passers-by who had watched Apollo 14 astronaut activities on the moon broadcast on TV the same day.


1972

A SURVEY OF THE AVANT-GARDE IN BRITAIN, GALLERY HOUSE, LONDON
Exhibition of objects, performances, films, conceptual works etc., included the first showing of a multi-screen video art installation in Britain: 60 TV Sets by David Hall in collaboration with Tony Sinden. The TV sets were tuned or mis-tuned to broadcast signals, and all parameters of picture quality were variously utilised. This was an important precursor of British multi-channel video installation work.

TIME BASED MEDIA, MAIDSTONE COLLEGE OF ART
The first video provision in the UK for fine art undergraduates and outside artists was established by David Hall as the Time Based Media workshop, Maidstone College of Art (now University for the Creative Arts). Later a number of video artists were awarded working fellowships in the college with the aid of Arts Council bursaries.


1973

ART WITHOUT OBJECTS, TATE GALLERY, LONDON
As part of a series of lectures on Land Art, Conceptual Art, films by artists etc, Mick Hartney introduced the first screenings at the Tate of artists video, including performance recordings of Joseph Beuys and Gilbert & George.

OPEN CIRCUIT, SCOTTISH ARTS COUNCIL GALLERY, EDINBURGH
Exhibition of video, photography and film, included an ongoing performance installation by David Hall using video equipment.

ARTS COUNCIL OF GREAT BRITAIN FUNDING
The Artists Films Committee of the Arts Council of Great Britain made its first award for experimental video. This became the Artists Film and Video Committee in April 1979.


1974

FIFTH EXPERIMENTAL FILM FESTIVAL, KNOKKE-HEIST, BELGIUM
First Knokke-Heist international festival to include videotapes and video installations with works by Nam June Paik, Peter Campus, The Vasulkas, Peter Weibel, Jean-Paul Boyer. Britain represented by David Hall.

SECOND HOUSE, BBC TV
BBC2 arts programme Second House transmitted abstract colour video work Entering by Peter Donebauer.

FANTASY FACTORY
John Hopkins and Sue Hall set up Fantasy Factory, an independent video editing resource created to facilitate access for community groups, community arts projects and artists.


1975

THE VIDEO SHOW, SERPENTINE GALLERY, LONDON
First international video show in Britain organised by Peter Bloch, Sue Grayson, David Hall, Stuart Hood and Clive Scollay featuring installations, performances and single screen works by British artists Roger Barnard, David Hall, Tamara Krikorian, Brian Hoey, Steve Partridge, Stuart Marshall, Alex Meigh, Liz Rhodes, Reindeer Werk, Steve James, Mike Leggett, Peter Livingstone, David Critchley, Tony Sinden and others. After the show a selection of British work toured several UK galleries.

2B BUTLERS WHARF, LONDON
A group of artists, including David Critchley, Kevin Atherton, Alison Winkle and several others, set up a collectively run gallery space presenting video, film and performance work on a regular basis until its closure in 1979.

BRITISH FILM INSTITUTE FUNDING
After partially funding the setting up of Fantasy Factory in 1974, the BFI funded video art work for the first time, namely Circling, Teeming and Dawn Creation by Peter Donebauer.


1976

THE VIDEO SHOW, TATE GALLERY, LONDON
First Tate Gallery exhibition of artists video installations. Works shown were by Roger Barnard, David Hall, Brian Hoey, Tamara Krikorian, Stuart Marshall and Steve Partridge.

LONDON VIDEO ARTS FOUNDED
Organisation formed by artists for the promotion, distribution and exhibition of video art. Initiated by David Hall, the founding committee included Roger Barnard, David Critchley, David Hall, Brian Hoey, Tamara Krikorian, Peter Livingstone, Stuart Marshall, Steve Partridge and Jonnie Turpie. (Renamed London Video Access in 1988, and later London Electronic Arts, it is now merged with London Filmmakers Coop under the title of LUX).

VIDEO ART, 'ARENA' SERIES SPECIAL, BBC TV
First arts feature devoted to video art broadcast by British TV. Programme conceived by Anna Ridley, produced by Mark Kidel and presented by David Hall included tapes by British and American artists Peter Campus, Ed Emschwiller and Peter Donebauer. It opened, unannounced, with the specially commissioned This is a Television Receiver by David Hall featuring newsreader Richard Baker.

VIDEO ART, STUDIO INTERNATIONAL MAGAZINE
Publication of a special international video art issue, May/June 1976. Co-edited by Richard Cork and David Hall with articles on British work by, among others, Sue Hall and John Hopkins, David Hall, Mark Kidel and Stuart Marshall.

VIDEO: TOWARDS DEFINING AN AESTHETIC, THIRD EYE CENTRE, GLASGOW
Exhibition of installations and single screens works organised by Tamara Krikorian and Lesley Greene included Roger Barnard, Ron Carr, David Critchley, David Hall, Brian Hoey, Tamara Krikorian, Stuart Marshall, Steve Partridge and Tony Sinden.

THE FUTURE OF VIDEO IN SCOTLAND, THIRD EYE CENTRE, GLASGOW
Symposium on the development of independent video practice.

ARTISTS' VIDEO: AN ALTERNATIVE USE OF THE MEDIUM, THE GALLERIES, WASHINGTON, TYNE AND WEAR
International tape exhibition organised by Brian Hoey and Wendy Brown included works by Doron Abrahami, David Critchley, Peter Donebauer, Cliff Evans, Brian Hoey, Tamara Krikorian, Steve Partridge and Tony Sinden.


1977

VIDEO EN FILM MANIFESTATIE, BONNEFANTENMUSEUM, MAASTRICHT, HOLLAND
International exhibition and symposium included British artists Roger Barnard, David Critchley, David Hall, Tamara Krikorian, Stuart Marshall and Steve Partridge.

BRITISH FILM AND VIDEO, CAVALLINO GALLERY, VENICE, AND BON A TIRER GALLERY, MILAN, ITALY
Selection of artists films and videotapes selected and presented by David Hall.

ARTISTS VIDEO: AN ALTERNATIVE USE OF THE MEDIUM, BIDDICK FARM ARTS CENTRE, WASHINGTON, TYNE AND WEAR
International tape exhibition organised by Brian Hoey and Wendy Brown included works by Doron Abrahami, Lindsay Brufton, David Critchley, Peter Donebauer, Keith Frake, Mick Hartney, Brian Hoey, Tamara Krikorian, Stuart Marshall, Alex Meigh and Steve Partridge.

DOCUMENTA 6, KASSEL, GERMANY
British video art represented by David Hall showing two tapes, Relative Surfaces and Vidicon Inscriptions.

DIXIEME BIENNALE DE PARIS, MUSEE D'ART MODERNE, PARIS
British video installations by Tamara Krikorian, Stuart Marshall and Steve Partridge.


1978

LONDON VIDEO ARTS OPENING EXHIBITION, AIR GALLERY, LONDON
First screening of a selection of international tapes to launch LVAs first distribution catalogue. From 1979 shows were also held at the Acme Gallery, Covent Garden, London.

LONDON VIDEO ARTS CATALOGUE
Publication of the first distribution catalogue of tapes and installations by British and international artists.

VIDEO ART '78, HERBERT ART GALLERY AND MUSEUM , COVENTRY
International exhibition of installations, performances and single screen works organised by Steve Partridge included works by Kevin Atherton, Roger Barnard, Lindsay Brufton, David Critchley, Keith Frake, David Hall, Brian Hoey, Tamara Krikorian, Stuart Marshall, Alex Meigh, Marceline Mori and Steve Partridge. Tapes from Europe and North America included works by Marina Ambramovic, Wojciech Bruszewski, Eric Cameron, Nan Hoover, Ulricke Rosenbach, Bill Viola and Peter Weibel.


1979

VIDEO '79: THE FIRST DECADE, MUSEUM OF FOLKLORE, ROME
International tape exhibition included British work from David Critchley, David Hall, Sue Hall and John Hopkins, Stuart Marshall, Marceline Mori and Steve Partridge.

STUDY IN BLUE, THE KITCHEN, NEW YORK
Four channel video installation by Steve Partridge.

VIDEOTAPES BY BRITISH ARTISTS, THE KITCHEN, NEW YORK
Selected by Steve Partridge. Works by Peter Anderson, David Critchley, David Hall, Mick Hartney, Stuart Marshall, Marceline Mori, Brian Hoey, Tamara Krikorian and Chris Rushton.

ARTISTS VIDEO: AN ALTERNATIVE USE OF THE MEDIUM, BIDDICK FARM ARTS CENTRE, WASHINGTON, TYNE AND WEAR.
International tape exhibition organised by Brian Hoey and Wendy Brown included works by David Critchley, Peter Donebauer, Sue Hall and John Hopkins, Stuart Marshall, Alex Meigh and Steve Partridge.

BRITISH VIDEO ART IN CANADA, CANADIAN TOUR
Selection of British videotapes presented by David Hall in Toronto, Halifax and Queens University, Kingston, Ontario where he delivered a paper on British work to an international video art symposium.

AN EPHEMERAL ART, THIRD EYE CENTRE, GLASGOW AND EYE TO EYE, FRUIT MARKET GALLERY, EDINBURGH
Video installations by Tamara Krikorian.

VIDEO AND MUSIC PERFORMANCES, BIDDICK FARM ARTS CENTRE, WASHINGTON, TYNE AND WEAR
First European live performances of musicians and video artists in concert improvising in sound and on screen. Co-ordinated and produced by Peter Donebauer. Further performances were staged at the Ikon Gallery, Birmingham and Londons ICA in 1980.


1980

ABOUT TIME: VIDEO, PERFORMANCE AND INSTALLATION BY WOMEN ARTISTS, INSTITUTE OF CONTEMPORARY ARTS, LONDON AND ARNOLFINI GALLERY, BRISTOL
Curated by Catherine Elwes with work by, among others, Elwes, Rose Finn-Kelcey, Rose Garrard, Roberta Graham, Susan Hiller, Tina Keane, Alex Meigh, Marceline Mori and Jane Rigby.

VIDEO ARTISTS ON TOUR, ARTS COUNCIL OF GREAT BRITAIN
Set up to extend the Film-makers On Tour scheme and to promote the showing of artists video, The ACGB met the partial costs of artists presenting a programme of their works. The scheme ended in 1986.

A SITUATION ENVISAGED: THE RITE, SOUTH HILL PARK ARTS CENTRE, BRACKNELL
Video installation by David Hall.


1981

FESTIVAL OF INDEPENDENT VIDEO, SOUTH HILL PARK ARTS CENTRE, BRACKNELL
The first national festival of independent video which continued until 1988. Screenings of artists' and community tapes.

VIDEO INSTALLATIONS, LVA AT THE AIR GALLERY, LONDON
Installations by Tony Sinden, Charlie Hooker, Dov Eylath and others.

DISPLAY-DISPLACED, IKON GALLERY, BIRMINGHAM
Retrospective of videotapes and installations by Steve Partridge, alongside the newly commissioned Display-Displaced and the first UK showing of Study in Blue (1979).

FILM, VIDEO, PERFORMANCE, INSTALLATION, TATE GALLERY, LONDON
Single screen works included videotapes by Tina Keane, Tamara Krikorian, Marceline Mori, Philippa Brown, David Hall, Richard Layzell, Stuart Brisley and Ken McMullen, David Critchley, Kevin Atherton, Mick Hartney and Ian Bourn.

ARNOLFINI GALLERY, BRISTOL AND THE INSTITUTE OF CONTEMPORARY ART, LONDON
The Arnolfini set up a library of video art and other independent work to facilitate public access (but was to close down in the late 1980s). Other arts centres followed suit, including the London ICA which opened a library in 1982.

NATIONAL VIDEO FESTIVAL, LONDON FILM-MAKERS COOP
Organised by Jonathon Collinson, Jon Dovey, Terry Flaxton, Carl Gardner, Tony Nicholls and Tim Norris, showing video art, agit-prop and community tapes including works by Chris Andrews, Cathy Denford, Penny Dedman, Mick Hartney, Tim Norris and Alex Meigh.


1982

CHANNEL 4 TV
The fourth television channel went on the air with a charter to encourage independent production.

THE WORKSHOP DECLARATION
Agreement made between the TV technicians union ACTT and Channel 4 TV allowing the establishment of franchised workshops to make film and video productions for broadcast outside usual union agreements.

FESTIVAL OF INDEPENDENT VIDEO, SOUTH HILL PARK, BRACKNELL
Annual festival of video art and community video.

INDEPENDENT VIDEO
Magazine first published (later Independent Media) out of the video workshop (later Media Centre) at South Hill Park Arts Centre, Bracknell.

VIDZINE
Pilot edition of VHS magazine produced by Patrick Martin and Dov Eylath exploring the now fashion conscious cross-over between music video and video art.


1983

THE VIDEO INSTALLATION SHOW, LVA AT THE AIR GALLERY, LONDON
Organised by Jeremy Welsh with installations by John Adams, Ian Bourn, Tamara Krikorian, David Hall, Mick Hartney, Steve Hawley, Richard Layzell, Steve Littman, Marceline Mori, Tina Keane and Mineo Aayamaguchi.

RECENT BRITISH VIDEO, THE KITCHEN, NEW YORK
Selected by Stuart Marshall including works by Tina Keane, Magaret Warwick, Catherine Elwes, Steve Hawley, John Adams, Antonia Sherman, Richard Layzell, Mick Hartney, Ian Bourn and Jeremy Welsh

ACCESS FUNDING, CHANNEL 4 TV
Channel 4 made its first investment in access video workshops, including LVA, providing the first widespread access to video post-production facilities.

VIDEO ART: A HISTORY, MUSEUM OF MODERN ART, NEW YORK
Documentation of the history of video art included work by David Hall and Tamara Krikorian.

FESTIVAL OF INDEPENDENT VIDEO, SOUTH HILL PARK, BRACKNELL
Annual festival of artists' and community video.

FILM AND VIDEO UMBRELLA
Organisation founded by Michael OPray to tour specially compiled programmes of film and video to cinemas, galleries and other venues. A first initiative was to find regional venues for a programme originally curated by Stuart Marshall for The Kitchen, New York earlier in the year.


1984

BRITISH / CANADIAN VIDEO EXCHANGE, A SPACE / ARC, TORONTO
Selected by Jane Wright and Jeremy Welsh. Installations by Tina Keane, Alison Winkle and Mick Hartney. Performances by Marty St James and Anne Wilson. Single screen programmes.

VIDEO '84, MONTREAL, CANADA
Britain represented by Stuart Marshall

NETWORK 1, TRAVELLING VIDEO LIBRARY, ARNOLFINI GALLERY, BRISTOL, AND PROJECTS UK, NEWCASTLE
Organised by Mike Stubbs. Collection of tapes temporarily housed at public access video libraries in Bristol and Newcastle.

CROSS CURRENTS: 10 YEARS OF MIXED MEDIA, ROYAL COLLEGE OF ART, LONDON
Organised by Chrissie Isles, Catherine Elwes and Peter Kardia and included installations by Tina Keane, Rose Finn-Kelcey, Stuart Marshall, Catherine Elwes and others.

ARTISTS WORKS FOR TELEVISION, CHANNEL 4 TV
Artists works for TV produced by Anna Ridley including Continuous Diary by Ian Breakwell (a series of 21) and work by Rosemary Butcher, David Cunningham, Rose Garrard, John Latham, Stephen Partridge, Michael Nyman and Paul Richards. These were transmitted at various times rather than being promoted as an arts package.

ANGLO FRENCH VIDEO EXCHANGE, CENTRE GEORGES POMPIDOU, PARIS
British videotapes at the Pompidou Centre.

FESTIVAL OF INDEPENDENT VIDEO, SOUTH HILL PARK, BRACKNELL
Annual festival of artists' and community video.

THE 1984 SHOW, CAMDEN ARTS CENTRE, LONDON
Commissioned video installations by Kevin Atherton and Ian Breakwell.

VIDEO TIMES, IKON GALLERY, BIRMINGHAM
Installation and publication by Kevin Atherton, together with a series of screenings which included works by Judith Goddard and Jeremy Welsh.

PUBLICATION OF THE SECOND LVA DISTRIBUTION CATALOGUE

THE VIDEO LOUNGE, THE FRIDGE, BRIXTON, LONDON
The first regular venue for video in a nightclub and the birthplace of Scratch video.


1985

VIDEO 1/2/3, CHANNEL 4 TV
Series of three programmes titled The Eleventh Hour produced by Triple Vision. Included tapes by Gorilla Tapes, George Barber, Duvet Brothers, Chris Rushton, Jeremy Welsh, Graham Young, Catherine Elwes, Ian Breakwell and David Hall. Performance by Kevin Atherton.

RITES OF SPRING, LONDON VIDEO ARTS
One week of video and performance included Marty St James and Anne WiIson, Vera Frenkel, Steve Littman and Zoe Redman.

CHANNEL 5, LONDON VIDEO ARTS / THE ICA / DER TV RENTALS / THE ALBANY AND THE CAFE GALLERY.
A two week festival of video at different sites across London.

SUBVERTING TELEVISION: DECONSTRUCT / SCRATCH / ALTER IMAGE, TIME BASED ARTS. AMSTERDAM AND TOURING.
Selected by Mark Wilcox, Michael OPray and Alex Graham. A three part programme of British video art included among others David Hall, Steve Hawley, Graham Young, Catherine Elwes, Mark Wilcox, Duvet Brothers, Jeremy Welsh, George Barber, John Scarlett-Davies, John Maybury and the Flying Lizards.

FESTIVAL OF INDEPENDENT VIDEO, SOUTH HILL PARK, BRACKNELL
Annual festival of artists' and community video.

THE NEW PLURALISM, TATE GALLERY, LONDON
Selected by Michael OPray and Tina Keane. British film and video 1980-85 included John Adams, David Finch, Graham Young, Mark Wilcox, Jeremy Welsh, Catherine Elwes, Margaret Warwick, Tamara Krikorian, Sandra Goldbacher and others.

BELSHAZZARS FEAST, CHANNEL 4 TV
Transmission of video piece by Susan Hiller.

THE BRITISH ART SHOW, ARTS COUNCIL OF GREAT BRITAIN NATIONAL TOURING SHOW
Installation by Kevin Atherton, videotapes by Mick Hartney, Rose Finn-Kelcey, Sandra Goldbacher and others.

LONDON FILM FESTIVAL, NATIONAL FIM THEATRE, LONDON
Video art shown for the first time in the form of a Scratch Video compilation curated by Michael OPray including works by George Barber, Jon Dovey and Tim Morrison, the Duvet Brothers, Sandra Goldbacher and Kim Flitcroft, Geoffrey Hinton, John Maybury and John Scarlett-Davis.


1986

SCANNERS, LVA AT THE AIR GALLERY, LONDON
Installations by Kate Meynell, John Goff, Kevin Atherton and Mineo Aayamaguchi. Commissioned works for window box installations by Brett Turnbull, Rose Finn-Kelcey, Graham Young, Duvet Brothers, Mick Hartney and Judith Goddard. Screenings and seminars.

EVENTS SPACE 1, TRANSMISSION GALLERY, GLASGOW
Curated by Steve Partridge, Malcolm Dickson and other artists. Video installations by Jo Goslan and Cammy Galt, Tony Judge, Steve Littman, Steve Partridge and Pictorial Heroes. Video performances by Kevin Atherton and Zoe Redman.

NETWORK 21
Pirate TV station started transmitting at midnight March 21-22 from locations in South London. Organisers are associated with The Fridge in Brixton and programme content emphasised gay/art/fashion/underground interests. Contributors included George Barber, Derek Jarman, John Maybury, Genesis P. Orridge et al. Broadcasts continued for about six months.

THE THIRD GENERATION: WOMEN SCULPTORS TODAY, DREW GALLERY, CANTERBURY FESTIVAL.
Sculptures, installations and performances by 22 women artists included video works by Judith Goddard, Catherine Elwes, Marion Urch, Kate Meynell, Rose Finn-Kelcey, Tina Keane and Zoe Redman.

CHANNEL 6, LVA / ICA, LONDON / BRACKNELL VIDEO FESTIVAL / LONDON FILMMAKERS CO-OP
Screenings of new British and international videotapes plus retrospective survey of British video art selected by Tamara Krikorian.

FESTIVAL OF INDEPENDENT VIDEO, SOUTH HILL PARK, BRACKNELL
Annual festival of artists' and community video.

GHOSTS IN THE MACHINE, CHANNEL 4 TV
Six part series produced by John Wyver featuring American video art.


1987

THE ELUSIVE SIGN: BRITISH AVANT-GARDE FILM AND VIDEO 1977-1987, TATE GALLERY, LONDON AND INTERNATIONAL TOUR
Organised by the Arts Council of Great Britain and the British Council. Selected by Michael OPray, Tamara Krikorian and Catherine Lacey. Included video works by George Barber, Ian Bourn, Catherine Elwes, Sera Furneaux, Judith Goddard, David Hall, Mona Hatoum, Steve Hawley, Tamara Krikorian, David Larcher, Jayne Parker, Christopher Rowland, Mark Wilcox and Graham Young.

NATIONAL REVIEW OF LIVE ART, RIVERSIDE STUDIOS, LONDON
Organised by Steve Littman. Installations by Mike Stubbs, Mike Jones and Simon Robertshaw, Lei Cox and Catherine Elwes.

MYSTERIOUS LONDON SCANNERS, FUKUOKA ART MUSEUM, JAPAN
Programmes from LVA included recent work by younger British video makers.

FESTIVAL OF INDEPENDENT VIDEO, SOUTH HILL PARK, BRACKNELL
Annual festival of artists' and community video.

THE BRITISH EDGE: VIDEO: RESCANNING, INSTITUTE OF CONTEMPORARY ART, BOSTON, USA
Selected by Jeremy Welsh included works by Catherine Elwes, Tina Keane, Vulture Video, Kevin Atherton, Graham Young, Marion Urch and Steve Hawley.

A TV DANTE, CHANNEL 4TV
Transmission of Canto 5 of Peter Greenaway and Tom Phillips experimental video interpretation of Dantes Inferno. Cantos 1-8 broadcast in 1990.

PUBLICATION OF THE THIRD LVA DISTRIBUTION CATALOGUE


1988

GENLOCK, A TOURING VIDEO EXHIBITION, INTERIM ART AND LVA
Commissioned videotapes by Kevin Atherton, Atalia Shaw and Cathy Acker, Stuart Marshall and Neil Bartlett, Isaac Julien and Julian Sommerville. Selection of international and historical artists' video based around monologues, confessionals, self portraits, portraits and performances.

LONDON VIDEO ARTS / LONDON VIDEO ACCESS
After a protracted legal argument with John Cleese's Video Arts company, LVA changed its name to London Video Access.

EDGE 88, LONDON
International festival of performance, installation and video in various venues organised by Rob La Fresnais.

HI BEAM, TATE GALLERY, LONDON
Screening selected by Tina Keane and Karen Alexander included works by Mona Hatoum, Simon Robertshaw, Terry Flaxton and Catherine Elwes.

DOWN THE TUBE, CITY ART GALLERY, MANCHESTER
Touring video package plus selected tapes included Catherine Elwes, Marion Urch, Sven Harding, Vulture Video, Marty St James and Anne Wilson. Installation by Mineo Aayamaguchi.

NATIONAL REVIEW OF LIVE ART, THIRD EYE CENTRE, GLASGOW
Installations by Lei Cox, Mineo Aayamaguchi and Chris Rowland plus single screen programmes.

TIMECODE, CHANNEL 4 TV / NOS / WGBH / ZDF / WNET / TVE1 / INA / CBC TV
International video art collaboration between eight broadcasters in seven countries with Marty St. James and Anne Wilson representing Britain.

GHOSTS IN THE MACHINE, CHANNEL 4 TV
Second series of the video art showcase produced by John Wyver included commissioned work from British artists Terry Flaxton, Akiko Hada, Tony Hill, George Snow and Graham Young.

KALEIDOSCOPE / ACCIDENTS IN THE HOME, ICA, LONDON
Video installation by Mineo Aayamaguchi and looping videotape by Graham Young.

VIDEO AT THE LONDON FILM FESTIVAL, MUSEUM OF THE MOVING IMAGE, LONDON
Seven video programmes were screened at the festival including Electric Eyes curated by Jeremy Welsh providing a summary of trends in British video art at the end of the 1980s.

THE 11th HOUR, CHANNEL 4 TV AND THE ARTS COUNCIL OF GREAT BRITAIN
A new collaborative scheme was launched for commissioning experimental film and video. Renamed Experimenta in 1992, the scheme ran until 1994.

FESTIVAL OF INDEPENDENT VIDEO, SOUTH HILL PARK, BRACKNELL
Annual festival of artists' and community video.


1989

VIDEO POSITIVE, THE TATE GALLERY / BLUECOAT GALLERY / WILLIAMSON ART GALLERY, LIVERPOOL
Curated by Eddie Berg and Steve Littman. Video installations, performances, screenings and conference. First national videowall commissions by Judith Goddard, Steve Littman, Kate Meynell, Steve Partridge, Simon Robertshaw and Mike Jones. Installation commissions by David Hall, Mineo Aayamaguchi, Zoe Redman, Chris Rowland, Marion Urch and Jeremy Welsh.

THE ARTS FOR TELEVISION, AND REVISION, TATE GALLERY, LONDON
Major international touring exhibition of artists' television initiated by the Stediljk Museum, Amsterdam.

AIR TIME, AIR GALLERY, LONDON
Retrospective show of British video art mounted to mark the closing of the AIR Gallery.

THE TUNNEL, BATTERSEA ARTS CENTRE, LONDON
Large scale interactive video installation by Richard Land and Richard Brown.

VIS A VIS VIDEO, CAMDEN ARTS / THE DIORAMA, LONDON
Festival featuring the Video Positive National Videowall Project plus commissioned installations, screenings and seminars.

BRITISH VIDEO IN SYDNEY, AUSTRALIAN VIDEO FESTIVAL
Programme of British tapes including Simon Biggs, Lei Cox, Cerith Wyn Evans, Clive Gillman, John Goff, Peter Harvey and Cordelia Swann. Installation by Jeremy Welsh.

THE SUITCASE SHOW, FILM AND VIDEO UMBRELLA TOURING EXHIBITION
Commissioned video installations by Graham Young, Rose Finn-Kelcey, Donald Rodney and Ivan Unwin.

THE ARTISTS ON SPECTACOLOUR, PICCADILLY CIRCUS, LONDON
Work on the large Spectacolour display in Piccadilly Crcus by Jeremy Welsh, Tina Keane and Vera Frenkel.

THE NATIONAL REVIEW OF LIVE ART, THIRD EYE CENTRE, GLASGOW
Organised by Steve Partridge. Installations by Mineo Aayamaguchi, Paul Green and Jeremy Welsh.

ELECTRONIC IMAGINARIES, ICA CINEMATHEQUE, LONDON
British Council funded touring programme of new British video work curated by Michael Maziere of London Video Arts.

ELECTRIC EYES, FILM AND VIDEO UMBRELLA TOURING SHOW
Package of British videotapes from 1986-88 included Catherine Elwes, Mona Hatoum, Graham Young, John Goff, Liz Power, Judith Goddard, Tina Keane, David Finch and David Larcher.


1990

SIGNS OF THE TIMES: A DECADE OF VIDEO, FILM AND SLIDE-TAPE INSTALLATIONS 1980-1990, MUSEUM OF MODERN ART, OXFORD
Curated by Chrissie Isles in collaboration with the British Council. Works by Rose Finn-Kelcey, Judith Goddard, Roberta Graham, David Hall, Susan Hiller, Tina Keane, Tamara Krikorian, Stuart Marshall, Jayne Parker, Holly Warburton, Chris Welsby, Jeremy Welsh, Anthony Wilson and Cerith Wynn Evans.

19:4:90 TELEVISION INTERVENTIONS, CHANNEL 4 TV
Produced by Anna Ridley and Jane Rigby. Inspired by the 1971 TV Interruptions by David Hall. Short works commissioned for TV by among others Rose Garrard, David Hall, Steve Littman, David Mach, Bruce McClean, Pictorial Heroes, Steve Partridge, Alistair MacLennan and Ron Geesin. Four of David Hall's original 1971 pieces were also transmitted. Exhibitions of the work were later staged at the Third Eye Centre Glasgow and the Ikon Gallery Birmingham.

EDGE 90, NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE
International biennial of performance, installation and video.

NORTH FACE, MOVIOLA AT THE BLUECOAT GALLERY, LIVERPOOL
Selected by Eddie Berg and Bryan Biggs. Commissioned installations by Isabella Emslie, Ivan Unwin, Sarah Haynes, Mike Stubbs and Dick Powell

LONDON FILM FESTIVAL, MUSEUM OF THE MOVING IMAGE, LONDON
An enlarged video section, The Electronic Image, curated by Jeremy Welsh and Michael Maziere with twelve programmes of international work.

ONE MINUTE TELEVISION, 'THE LATE SHOW', BBC TV.
One minute films and videotapes jointly commissioned by BBC2 and the Arts Council.

THE DAZZLING IMAGE, CHANNEL 4 TV
Produced by Jane Thorburn for the Eleventh Hour. Videotapes and films produced with Arts Council, British Film Institute and Channel 4 funding included Sandra Lahire, Cerith Wyn Evans, Isaac Julien, Cordelia Swann, David Larcher and Graham Young.

MOVE, CORNERHOUSE / FILM AND VIDEO UMBRELLA / MANCHESTER FESTIVAL
Commissioned videowall works by Tina Keane, Susan Collins and Julie Myers, Keith Piper, Mike Jones and Simon Robertshaw. Video portrait by Marty St James and Anne Wilson.

VIDEO PORTRAITS, NATIONAL PORTRAIT GALLERY, LONDON
Marty St James and Anne Wilsons video portraits of Julie Walters, Duncan Goodhew and Sally Burgess were the gallerys first video commissions/purchases in their permanent collection.

BIENNIAL OF INDEPENDENT FILM AND VIDEO, ICA, LONDON
Arts Council/British Council touring package of British films and videotapes curated by Tilda Swinton.


1991

VIDEO POSITIVE, TATE GALLERY / BLUECOAT GALLERY / OPEN EYE AND WALKER ART GALLERY, LIVERPOOL
Second major international Liverpool festival of installations and single screen works included among others Simon Biggs, Lei Cox, Catherine Elwes, Judith Goddard, Clive Gillman, Severed Heads, Louise Forshaw, Ian Bourn, Tamara Krikorian, David Hall, Mick Hartney, Mona Hatoum, Mark Wilcox, Stuart Marshall and Neil Bartlett. It also included a three-part touring retrospective of British video art celebrating fifteen years of London Video Arts.

VIDEO ART PLASTIQUE FESTIVAL, HEROUVILLE SAINT-CLAIR, FRANCE
Retrospective of videotapes by David Hall. Other British work included tapes by Clio Barnard, George Barber, William Latham, Lei Cox, Michael Denton, Terry Flaxton, Rose Garrard, Clive Gillman, Judith Goddard, Steve Littman, David Larcher, Steve Partridge, Dean Stockton, John Butler, David Cox and Alison Leaf.

ONE MINUTE TELEVISION, 'THE LATE SHOW', BBC TV.
One minute films and videotapes jointly commissioned by BBC2 and the Arts Council.

NOT NECESSARILY, BBC TV SCOTLAND
Eight ten minute programmes included specially commissioned work by Doug Aubrey, Lei Cox, Judith Goddard and Kate Meynell in a co-production between the BBC2 and the Television Workshop of Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art, Dundee.

ELECTRONIC IMAGE, LONDON FILM FESTIVAL, MUSEUM OF THE MOVING IMAGE, LONDON
A further expanded video section with sixteen programmes curated by Michael Maziere and Stephen Bode.

THE ELECTRONIC IMAGE, NATIONAL FILM THEATRE, LONDON
LVA started a monthly video showcase at the NFT with thematic programmes and single artist presentations.

PUBLICATION OF THE FOURTH LVA DISTRIBUTION CATALOGUE


1992

ABSTRACT, PORTRAIT, STILL LIFE, KETTLES YARD, CAMBRIDGE AND BLUECOAT GALLERY, LIVERPOOL Video installations by Judith Goddard, Kate Meynell and Monica Oeschler.

NEW VISIONS INTERNATIONAL FESTIVAL OF FILM AND VIDEO, VARIOUS LOCATIONS, GLASGOW
Retrospective of films, videotapes and TV works by David Hall. Other work included an international selection of tapes by British and overseas artists organised by Malcolm Dickson, Doug Aubrey and Events Space. This became a biennial event.

DAZZLING IMAGE II, CHANNEL 4 TV
Second series produced by Jane Thorburn included work by Louise Forshaw, Jayne Parker, Keith Piper, Andrew Stones and Cordelia Swann.

ELECTRONIC IMAGE, LONDON FILM FESTIVAL, MUSEUM OF THE MOVING IMAGE, LONDON
Major international video art section.


1993

TV INTERRUPTIONS 93, MTV NETWORKS.
Six works by David Hall commissioned and broadcast internationally by MTV.

SIGNES DES TEMPS: BRITISH VIDEO, FILM AND SLIDE-TAPE INSTALLATIONS 1980-1990, CENTRE D'ART CONTEMPORAIN, LA FERME DU BUISSON, PARIS.
Organised by the British Council with installations by Judith Goddard, Roberta Graham, David Hall, Susan Hiller, Tina Keane, Stuart Marshall, Jayne Parker and Chris Welsby.

RIVER CROSSINGS CROSS-CURRENTS, VARIOUS LOCATIONS, LONDON
Site specific video works commissioned by Camerawork from Susan Collins, Clive Gillman, Chris Meigh-Andrews, Nick Stewart and Mike Stubbs.

VIDEO POSITIVE 93, TATE GALLERY / BLUECOAT GALLERY / WALKER AND OPEN EYE GALLERIES, LIVERPOOL
Third biennial of video and electronic media art included video installations by Jon Bewley, Lei Cox, Shirley MacWilliam, Simon Robertshaw, Andrew Stones, Jonathan Swain and Richard Wright.

THE LATE SHOW: THE HAPPENING HISTORY OF VIDEO ART, BBC TV
Transmission by BBC2 of special review of international video art including British work. Produced by Illuminations and directed by George Barber.

PASSAGEN, WATERSHED MEDIA CENTRE, BRISTOL
Interactive multi-media installation by Graham Ellard and Stephen Johnstone.

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One of the prime sources of this information was Diverse Practices: A Critical Reader on British Video Art, edited by Julia Knight, published by The Arts Council of England and John Libbey Media, University of Luton, 1996.